It is hard to find a better rivalry in hockey than Canada and the United States. The two countries have a long history in the game, with plenty of heated matchups at all levels.
The 2023 World Juniors are providing fans with another installment of the North American rivalry, as the United States and Canada meet in the tournament’s semifinals on Wednesday night.
The two countries have enjoyed a ton of success recently at the U20 tournament. Since 2013, only Canada, the USA or Finland have won gold in the competition. The Canadians have four of those championships, including 2022, while the Americans have won three times in that span.
It comes as no surprise that the two are among the final four teams remaining at the 2023 tournament. Both clubs have only suffered one loss so far at the competition and are going to be playing for a medal regardless of the semifinal outcome.
However, only one team can advance to the gold-medal game. Will it be Canada going for a second consecutive gold, or will the United States knock off its rivals for a chance at a World Juniors championship?
MORE: 2023 World Juniors schedule, standings, results
Here is a look at the history of Canada and the United States at the World Juniors.
When was the last time Canada and the USA played at the World Juniors?
The last time Canada and the United States met at the World Juniors was in the gold-medal game of the 2021 tournament.
After each team won their respective group, Canada beat Czechia and Russia on its way to the championship, while the USA defeated Slovakia and Finland. It set up the fifth meeting between the two in a World Juniors gold-medal contest.
MORE: Team USA roster, schedule for 2023 World Juniors
Spencer Knight stole the show for the USA in the final, out-dueling Canada’s Devon Levi by turning aside all 34 shots he faced to lead the team to a 2-0 win. While Levi was dominant at the tournament, goals by Alex Turcotte and Trevor Zegras were enough for the Americans to secure their fifth gold medal at the event.
Canada vs. USA head-to-head World Juniors record
Historically, Canada has dominated against the USA at the World Juniors.
The semifinal match on Wednesday is the 49th meeting between the two, the most meetings between two teams in tournament history.
Canada has won 30 times in regulation, while the USA has earned nine regulation victories. Both teams have three victories apiece in OT/shootouts and have skated to a tie three times as well.
MORE: Team Canada 2023 World Juniors roster, results
While Canada has the upper hand all-time, the USA has come out on top in the most recent head-to-head battles between the two. The Americans have secured victories in five of the last six meetings.
In addition, when the two North American rivals met in the gold-medal game, it’s been much more favorable for the United States. The two sides have met five times in the World Juniors final, with the U.S. walking away with gold in the last four.
|Jan. 1, 1977||Round Robin||Canada 8, USA 2|
|Dec. 22, 1977||Preliminary Round||Canada 6, USA 3|
|Jan. 2, 1979||Relegation Round||Canada 6, USA 3|
|Jan. 1, 1980||Relegation Round||Canada 4, USA 2|
|Dec. 31, 1980||Relegation Round||USA 7, Canada 3|
|Dec. 27, 1981||Round Robin||Canada 5, USA 4|
|Dec. 27, 1982||Round Robin||Canada 4, USA 2|
|Dec. 26, 1983||Round Robin||Canada 5, USA 2|
|Dec. 28, 1984||Round Robin||Canada 7, USA 5|
|Dec. 29, 1985||Round Robin||Canada 5, USA 2|
|Jan. 1, 1987||Round Robin||Canada 6, USA 2|
|Dec. 31, 1987||Round Robin||Canada 5, USA 4|
|Dec. 29, 1988||Round Robin||Canada 5, USA 1|
|Dec. 26, 1989||Round Robin||Canada 3, USA 2|
|Dec. 27, 1990||Round Robin||Canada 4, USA 4|
|Jan. 1, 1992||Round Robin||USA 5, Canada 3|
|Dec. 26, 1992||Round Robin||Canada 3, USA 0|
|Jan. 1, 1994||Round Robin||Canada 8, USA 3|
|Dec. 29, 1994||Round Robin||Canada 8, USA 3|
|Dec. 26, 1995||Preliminary Round||Canada 6, USA 1|
|Dec. 28, 1996||Preliminary Round||Canada 4, USA 4|
|Jan. 4, 1997||Gold-Medal Game||Canada 2, USA 0|
|Jan. 2, 1998||Placement Round||USA 3, Canada 0|
|Dec. 31, 1998||Preliminary Round||USA 5, Canada 2|
|Dec. 31, 1999||Preliminary Round||Canada 1, USA 1|
|Jan. 4, 2000||Bronze-Medal Game||Canada 4, USA 3 (SO)|
|Jan. 2, 2001||Quarterfinals||Canada 2, USA 1|
|Jan. 3, 2003||Semifinals||Canada 3, USA 2|
|Jan. 5, 2004||Gold-Medal Game||USA 4, Canada 3|
|Dec. 31, 2005||Preliminary Round||Canada 3, USA 2|
|Dec. 27, 2006||Preliminary Round||Canada 6, USA 3|
|Jan. 3, 2007||Semifinals||Canada 2, USA 1 (SO)|
|Jan. 4, 2008||Semifinals||Canada 4, USA 1|
|Dec. 31, 2008||Preliminary Round||Canada 7, USA 4|
|Dec. 31, 2009||Preliminary Round||Canada 5, USA 4 (SO)|
|Jan. 5, 2010||Gold-Medal Game||USA 6, Canada 5 (OT)|
|Jan. 3, 2011||Semifinals||Canada 4, USA 1|
|Dec. 31, 2011||Preliminary Round||Canada 3, USA 2|
|Dec. 30, 2012||Preliminary Round||Canada 2, USA 1|
|Jan. 3, 2013||Semifinals||USA 5, Canada 1|
|Dec. 31, 2013||Preliminary Round||Canada 3, USA 2|
|Dec, 31, 2014||Preliminary Round||Canada 5, USA 3|
|Dec. 26, 2015||Preliminary Round||USA 4, Canada 2|
|Dec. 31, 2016||Preliminary Round||USA 3, Canada 1|
|Jan. 5, 2017||Gold-Medal Game||USA 5, Canada 4 (SO)|
|Dec. 29, 2017||Preliminary Round||USA 4, Canada 3 (SO)|
|Dec. 26, 2019||Preliminary Round||Canada 6, USA 4|
|Jan. 5, 2021||Gold-Medal Game||USA 2, Canada 0|
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